Los phrasal verbs son un aspecto fundamental del inglés, pero pueden resultar bastante difícil de comprender a veces. Si alguna vez has intentado aprenderlos, sabrás que dominarlos no es nada fácil, pero no desesperes, es cuestión de práctica y constancia. En este artículo encontrarás una lista de 200 phrasal verbs con ejemplos en inglés y español para que puedas mejorar tu comprensión y uso de estas estructuras verbales. Además, en esta misma web tienes muchos consejos útiles sobre phrasal verbs y un diccionario de phrasal verbs para que puedas seguir profundizando en el tema. ¡Vamos allá!
|act out||The children will act out a scene from a play.|
He has been acting out in school lately.
|representar, comportarse mal|
|act up||My computer is acting up again.|
The children always act up when they haven’t had enough sleep.
|comportarse mal, funcionar mal|
|add in||You can add in more vegetables.|
Add in the sugar slowly.
|add up||Could you please add up these numbers for me?|
Her explanation just doesn’t add up.
|sumar, tener sentido|
|agree on||They finally agreed on a date for the wedding.|
The two sides could not agree on the terms of the contract.
|aim at||The company’s new product is aimed at teenagers.|
He aimed his criticisms at the policies, not the politicians.
|apuntar, dirigir a|
|ask for||She asked for a glass of water.|
I didn’t ask for your opinion on the matter.
|back off||You’re too close to the edge! Back off!|
She decided to back off and give him some space.
|retroceder, alejarse, desistir|
|back up||I’ll back you up if they don’t believe you.|
Could you back up your car a bit?
|bail out||The government had to bail out the airline.|
He bailed his friend out of a difficult situation.
|rescatar, sacar de apuros|
|be about||The book is about a young girl’s journey to adulthood.|
What’s this movie about?
|tratar de, estar por|
|beat up||He got beaten up by some thugs on his way home.|
The old car looks pretty beat up.
|bite off||Don’t bite off more than you can chew.|
He bit off a big piece of meat.
|morder un pedazo|
|blow away||The wind blew away my hat.|
The performance blew me away.
|soplar lejos, impresionar gratamente|
|blow out||He blew out all the candles in one breath.|
The wind blew out our campfire.
|blow over||The scandal will blow over in a few weeks.|
Let’s wait for the anger to blow over before we talk again.
|blow up||The terrorists tried to blow up the railway station.|
Could you blow up this photo for me? I need a larger print.
|break away||They tried to break away from the group.|
The horse broke away from its rider.
|break down||The car broke down on the way to the beach.|
Let’s break down the problem and solve it step by step.
|descomponerse, romperse, desglosar|
|break in||Burglars broke in while we were on vacation.|
He broke in our conversation without any warning.
|forzar la entrada, interrumpir|
|break out||War broke out after the assassination of the diplomat.|
Two prisoners broke out of jail last night.
|break through||They finally broke through the barricade.|
He needs to break through his shyness.
|abrirse paso, superar obstáculos|
|break up||They decided to break up after five years of dating.|
I could hardly hear him on the phone; his voice kept breaking up.
|bring about||The new president hopes to bring about a change in the country’s foreign policy.|
His betrayal brought about a bitter feud between the two families.
|bring in||We need to bring in more customers.|
The new policy brought in positive changes.
|bring up||She brought up an important point during the meeting.|
He was brought up by his grandmother after his parents died.
|brush off||He brushed off my comments.|
She brushed him off and walked away.
|ignorar, quitar el polvo|
|brush up||I need to brush up on my French before going to Paris.|
She decided to brush up her resume before applying for the job.
|burn out||The candle finally burned out after burning all night.|
She was totally burned out after the intense exam period.
|burn up||The car burned up in the fire.|
The angry words burned her up.
|call in||You need to call in advance.|
They decided to call in sick.
|llamar (por teléfono), pedir asesoramiento|
|call off||The game was called off due to rain.|
They had to call off the search when darkness fell.
|call out||She called out his name from across the room.|
The coach called out the play.
|call up||I’ll call up the restaurant and make a reservation.|
He was called up for military service.
|calm down||Calm down, everything will be okay.|
He had to calm down before he could speak.
|carry on||Despite the difficulties, we decided to carry on.|
Carry on with your work, don’t let me interrupt you.
|catch on||He’s slow to catch on to new trends.|
The new fashion quickly caught on among teenagers.
|darse cuenta, hacerse popular|
|catch up||We need to catch up soon, it’s been too long!|
I need to catch up on my homework this weekend.
|ponerse al día, alcanzar|
|check in||We need to check in before 8 pm.|
I’ll check in with you tomorrow to see how you’re doing.
|registrarse, llamar para confirmar|
|check out||We need to check out of the hotel before midday.|
You should check out that new movie, it’s great!
|cheer up||Cheer up, things will get better soon!|
She bought me a gift to cheer me up.
|chill out||After a long day at work, I just want to chill out.|
You’re overreacting, you need to chill out.
|chip in||Everyone chipped in to buy a gift for the boss.|
I don’t have enough money for the bill. Can you chip in?
|chip off||The paint chipped off the wall.|
He chipped off a piece of wood.
|desprenderse, quitar un trozo|
|clean up||Can you help me clean up after the party?|
The oil spill took months to clean up.
|clear out||I’m planning to clear out the garage this weekend.|
Everyone clear out of the room, we need to clean.
|clear up||The sky cleared up after the storm.|
Can you clear up this misunderstanding?
|aclararse, resolver, limpiar|
|close down||The factory had to close down due to new regulations.|
The police closed down the illegal gambling operation.
|come about||How did such a misunderstanding come about?|
The opportunity came about unexpectedly.
|come across||I came across my old diary while cleaning the attic.|
He comes across as a bit arrogant at times.
|encontrar, toparse con|
|come along||Are you coming along to the party?|
How is your project coming along?
|come down||The rain started to come down heavily.|
The decision will come down to what the committee thinks.
|come in||Please come in and have a seat.|
They were late to come in the party.
|come up||A good job opportunity has come up for me.|
Please come up to my office when you arrive.
|cool down||You should let the engine cool down before checking the oil.|
She needs some time to cool down before we talk.
|cope with||How do you cope with stress?|
She’s coping well with the changes.
|lidiar con, manejar|
|count on||You can always count on me for support.|
We’re counting on this deal to go through.
|contar con, depender de|
|cross off||Cross off the items on the list.|
She crossed him off her friend list.
|cross out||Cross out the wrong answers.|
Her name was crossed out from the list.
|cut back||We need to cut back on spending.|
They cut back the trees to let more light in.
|cut off||The phone was cut off in the middle of our conversation.|
They had to cut off the water supply to fix the pipes.
|deal out||She dealt out the cards for a game of poker.|
Life has dealt out a fair share of challenges to him.
|deal with||I don’t want to deal with this problem right now.|
How do you deal with difficult customers?
|tratar con, lidiar con|
|die down||The noise finally died down after midnight.|
We waited for the storm to die down before we went outside.
|die out||The fire slowly died out.|
His hopes died out after the rejection.
|do in||She did in her opponent.|
I’m feeling completely done in.
|acabar con, agotar|
|do up||He did up his shoelaces.|
They plan to do up the old house and sell it.
|draw in||The bus drew in and stopped.|
The painting drew her in.
|draw up||The lawyer will draw up the contract.|
They drew up a list of all the items needed.
|dress down||It’s a casual event, so you can dress down.|
The boss dressed him down for his poor performance.
|vestirse informalmente, reprender|
|dress up||We need to dress up for the formal event.|
The children love to dress up for Halloween.
|vestirse elegantemente, disfrazarse|
|drop by||Drop by anytime you are in the neighborhood.|
I’ll drop by your office in the afternoon.
|visitar, pasar por|
|drop off||Can you drop me off at the airport?|
I need to drop off these packages at the post office.
|drop out||He dropped out of school at 16 to start working.|
Several players dropped out of the tournament due to injuries.
|dry up||The lake will dry up if we don’t get any rain soon.|
The conversation dried up after their argument.
|eat in||Let’s eat in tonight.|
They prefer to eat in rather than out.
|cenar en casa, comer dentro|
|eat out||We usually eat out on Fridays.|
Let’s eat out tonight, I don’t feel like cooking.
|eat up||Eat up, we have a long day ahead.|
The picnic food was quickly eaten up.
|end up||If you don’t study, you might end up failing the course.|
They ended up at a charming little cafe.
|face up to||You need to face up to your responsibilities.|
He couldn’t face up to the truth.
|fade out||The music slowly faded out at the end of the scene.|
The actor’s fame has faded out over the years.
|fall apart||The plan fell apart at the last minute.|
The old book fell apart when I tried to read it.
|fall back||When in doubt, fall back on your training.|
The team fell back to defend.
|fall for||She fell for his charms.|
I can’t believe you fell for that trick.
|enamorarse de, caer en la trampa|
|fall out||They fell out over money issues.|
He had a fall out with his brother and they haven’t spoken since.
|fall through||Our plans for the trip fell through.|
The deal fell through at the last minute.
|fracasar, no ocurrir|
|figure out||I need to figure out how to fix this problem.|
It took me a while to figure out the puzzle.
|fill in||Could you fill in this form, please?|
She filled me in on the latest gossip.
|fill out||Please fill out this application form.|
It took me an hour to fill out the paperwork.
|fill up||Can you fill up my glass, please?|
The gas tank is filled up.
|find out||I need to find out what time the train leaves.|
She found out that he had been lying to her.
|get across||I’m struggling to get my point across.|
We need to get across the river before dark.
|get along||I get along well with my colleagues.|
Do your children get along?
|get back||I need to get back home before it gets dark.|
She finally got her book back.
|get by||I can get by with my Spanish when I travel.|
How do you get by on such a small salary?
|get off||We need to get off at the next stop.|
She got off the bus just in time.
|get on||Could you help me get on the horse?|
How are you getting on in your new job?
|get over||It took him a while to get over the breakup.|
She finally got over her cold.
|give away||He gave away most of his fortune to charity.|
Don’t give away the end of the movie!
|give back||He gave back the keys.|
We should give back to our community.
|give in||She gave in to temptation and ate the cake.|
After hours of debate, he finally gave in.
|give in to||She gave in to their demands.|
Don’t give in to peer pressure.
|ceder ante, sucumbir a|
|give off||The flowers give off a pleasant aroma.|
The machine gives off smoke.
|give up||I won’t give up, I’ll keep trying.|
She gave up smoking a year ago.
|go ahead||Go ahead, I’m listening.|
You can go ahead and start without me.
|go back||We need to go back, I forgot my wallet.|
She went back to her home town after the divorce.
|go off||The alarm went off at 6 AM.|
The milk has gone off.
|sonar, estropearse (alimento)|
|go on||The show must go on.|
What’s going on here?
|go over||Let’s go over our plans one more time.|
She went over the report to make sure there were no errors.
|grow up||I grew up in a small town.|
It’s time to grow up and take responsibility.
|hand out||The teacher handed out the worksheets.|
They are handing out free samples.
|hand over||Hand over your homework at the end of class.|
The criminal was forced to hand over his weapon.
|hang around||We used to hang around after school.|
Don’t hang around here, it’s not safe.
|pasar el tiempo|
|hang out||We used to hang out at the park after school.|
Do you want to hang out this weekend?
|pasar el tiempo, quedar|
|hang up||I didn’t mean to hang up on you, my phone died.|
She hung up before I could say anything.
|hold back||She held back tears as she said goodbye.|
Don’t hold back, tell me what you really think.
|hold on||Hold on, I’m almost there.|
Hold on to the railing while going down the stairs.
|iron out||We need to iron out the details of the plan.|
They managed to iron out their differences.
|jump in||Sorry to jump in, but I have a comment.|
The pool is warm, jump in!
|interrumpir, entrar rápidamente|
|jump out||The cat jumped out from behind the sofa.|
The bright red color jumps out against the white background.
|keep away||Keep away from the fire, it’s dangerous.|
The sign said, «Keep away from the edge».
|keep on||Keep on working, you’re doing great.|
He kept on talking despite our attempts to interrupt.
|keep up||I can’t keep up with all these changes.|
She walks so fast, it’s hard to keep up.
|mantener el ritmo|
|kick off||The meeting will kick off at 10 am.|
The game kicks off in one hour.
|knock down||The old building was knocked down to make way for a park.|
She was knocked down by a speeding car.
|knock out||The boxer managed to knock out his opponent in the first round.|
I was knocked out after the long hike.
|lay off||They had to lay off a lot of workers due to budget cuts.|
Lay off me, I’m trying to work.
|despedir, dejar en paz|
|let down||I won’t let you down.|
He felt let down by his friends.
|let go of||She finally let go of her past.|
You need to let go of your anger.
|soltar, dejar ir|
|light up||Her smile lights up the room.|
Smoking is bad for your health, don’t light up.
|iluminar, encender un cigarrillo|
|log in||Log in to your account to check your messages.|
I can’t log in, I forgot my password.
|log out||Remember to log out when you finish your work.|
He logged out of his email account.
|look after||Can you look after my dog while I’m away?|
She looks after her younger brother.
|look back||When I look back, I feel I could have done things differently.|
Looking back, I see how much I’ve grown.
|look for||I’m looking for my glasses, have you seen them?|
She’s looking for a job.
|look forward to||I’m looking forward to the weekend.|
We look forward to your visit.
|esperar con ansias|
|look into||We will look into the matter and inform you about our findings.|
The police are looking into the incident.
|look out for||Look out for pedestrians while driving.|
They always look out for each other.
|cuidarse de, estar atento a|
|look up||You can look up the word in the dictionary.|
I looked up the address on the internet.
|make over||She made over her old clothes into something fashionable.|
The house needs a complete makeover.
|make up||He made up an excuse for being late.|
She takes too much time to make up in the morning.
|mix up||I always mix up the twins’ names.|
She mixed up the ingredients for the cake.
|move in||They are planning to move in next week.|
When are your new roommates moving in?
|move on||It’s time to move on from this issue.|
Let’s move on to the next topic.
|seguir adelante, pasar a|
|move out||She decided to move out and live on her own.|
The tenants were asked to move out immediately.
|pass away||His grandfather passed away last night.|
The famous author passed away at the age of 89.
|pass out||He passed out from exhaustion.|
Please pass out these papers to everyone in the room.
|pick up||Can you pick up some groceries on your way home?|
She picked up a few German phrases while staying in Berlin.
|play down||He tried to play down his mistakes.|
The government played down the impact of the crisis.
|pull off||It was a difficult task, but she pulled it off.|
He pulled off a great performance despite being unwell.
|pull over||The police officer signaled for him to pull over.|
I had to pull over to check the map.
|detener el coche|
|put away||Put away your toys before dinner.|
He put away his savings for retirement.
|guardar, guardar (en su lugar), recoger|
|put off||We had to put off the meeting until next week.|
Don’t be put off by the negative reviews, the book is really good.
|put on||She put on her coat and left.|
They are putting on a show next week.
|put up with||I don’t know how she puts up with his behavior.|
I can’t put up with the noise anymore.
|rip off||That shop rips off tourists with high prices.|
He accidentally ripped off the poster while cleaning.
|roll out||The company is rolling out a new product line.|
They rolled out the red carpet for the celebrity.
|round up||The shepherd rounded up the sheep before nightfall.|
Can you round up the team for a meeting?
|run away||The thief ran away when he saw the police.|
The circus lion ran away from its cage.
|run by||Can I run a few ideas by you?|
I’ll run the plan by the team tomorrow.
|run into||I ran into an old friend at the supermarket.|
We ran into some problems with the project.
|encontrarse con, tropezar con|
|run out||We’ve run out of milk.|
Time is running out, we need to make a decision.
|run over||The car ran over a pothole.|
Can you run over the main points?
|set aside||I set aside some money for emergencies.|
We should set aside our differences and work together.
|set off||They set off on their trip early in the morning.|
The fire alarm was set off by the smoke.
|empezar un viaje, provocar|
|set out||They set out on a journey around the world.|
She set out her plans for the day.
|set up||We set up a tent for the night.|
They are setting up a new company.
|show up||She didn’t show up for the meeting.|
A strange cat showed up at our door.
|slip up||Everyone slips up sometimes, don’t worry about it.|
We can’t afford to slip up on this project.
|stand by||I will stand by you no matter what.|
The medical team is standing by for any emergencies.
|apoyar, permanecer listo|
|stand out||Her red dress made her stand out in the crowd.|
This painting stands out in the gallery.
|step in||The teacher had to step in and stop the fight.|
The government needs to step in and help those in need.
|step up||We need to step up our efforts if we want to finish on time.|
She stepped up to take on the leadership role.
|take in||I tried to take in all the information.|
They decided to take in a foster child.
|take off||The plane will take off in 20 minutes.|
He took off his hat as he entered the room.
|take over||The new manager will take over next month.|
He took over the family business.
|tomar el control de, hacerse cargo de|
|take up||She decided to take up yoga.|
This couch takes up too much space.
|empezar a practicar, ocupar|
|tear up||She tore up the letter and threw it away.|
I accidentally tore up the concert tickets.
|romper en pedazos|
|think over||I need to think over your proposal before making a decision.|
She thought over the job offer for several days.
|throw away||Don’t throw away this receipt, we might need it.|
I had to throw away the spoiled milk.
|try on||Try on this dress, it looks good on you.|
He tried on several pairs of shoes before deciding on one.
|turn away||The doorman turned away the uninvited guest.|
She turned away from the mirror.
|rechazar, apartar la vista|
|turn down||She turned down the job offer.|
Could you turn down the music? I’m trying to study.
|turn off||Please turn off the lights when you leave.|
This button is used to turn off the machine.
|turn on||Can you turn on the radio?|
I turned on the computer to start working.
|turn up||He didn’t turn up for his appointment.|
Can you turn up the volume? I can’t hear the TV.
|use up||We’ve used up all the milk.|
The car uses up a lot of fuel.
|wait on||She’s waiting on her exam results.|
The waiter is trained to wait on customers efficiently.
|wake up||I wake up at 7 am every day.|
The noise woke me up.
|wake up to||She woke up to the sound of birds singing.|
He finally woke up to the truth.
|despertar(se) ante, darse cuenta de|
|walk away||He just walked away without saying a word.|
She could simply walk away from the deal.
|wash up||Wash up before dinner.|
Who’s going to wash up the dishes?
|lavarse, lavar los platos|
|watch out||Watch out for pickpockets in the area.|
You should watch out, the floor is slippery.
|wipe out||The virus could wipe out the entire population.|
He was so tired, he wiped out as soon as he got home.
|work out||I work out at the gym three times a week.|
I hope everything works out for you.
|hacer ejercicio, resolver|
|work up||She worked up the courage to ask for a raise.|
He needs to work up an appetite.
|generar, desarrollar (sentimientos, apetito, etc.)|
|wrap up||Let’s wrap up the meeting, we’re running out of time.|
She wrapped up the gift in colorful paper.
|write down||Write down the recipe so you don’t forget it.|
He wrote down the address on a piece of paper.
|write off||The car was a write off after the accident.|
They had to write off their investment.
|dar por perdido|
|zone out||I zoned out during the meeting and missed the important points.|
She tends to zone out when she’s tired.
|desconectar, perder la concentración|
Espero que esta lista de 200 phrasal verbs con ejemplos en inglés y español te haya resultado útil y te haya ayudado a mejorar tu comprensión en este tema. Recuerda que practicar con frecuencia es la clave para dominar estas estructuras verbales. Si tienes alguna duda, no dudes en dejarnos un comentario y con gusto te ayudaremos a resolverla. ¡Sigue aprendiendo y mejorando tu inglés!