Los phrasal verbs son un aspecto fundamental del inglés, pero pueden resultar bastante difícil de comprender a veces. Si alguna vez has intentado aprenderlos, sabrás que dominarlos no es nada fácil, pero no desesperes, es cuestión de práctica y constancia. En este artículo encontrarás una lista de 200 phrasal verbs con ejemplos en inglés y español para que puedas mejorar tu comprensión y uso de estas estructuras verbales. Además, en esta misma web tienes muchos consejos útiles sobre phrasal verbs y un diccionario de phrasal verbs para que puedas seguir profundizando en el tema. ¡Vamos allá!
|The children will act out a scene from a play.
He has been acting out in school lately.
|representar, comportarse mal
|My computer is acting up again.
The children always act up when they haven’t had enough sleep.
|comportarse mal, funcionar mal
|You can add in more vegetables.
Add in the sugar slowly.
|Could you please add up these numbers for me?
Her explanation just doesn’t add up.
|sumar, tener sentido
|They finally agreed on a date for the wedding.
The two sides could not agree on the terms of the contract.
|The company’s new product is aimed at teenagers.
He aimed his criticisms at the policies, not the politicians.
|apuntar, dirigir a
|She asked for a glass of water.
I didn’t ask for your opinion on the matter.
|You’re too close to the edge! Back off!
She decided to back off and give him some space.
|retroceder, alejarse, desistir
|I’ll back you up if they don’t believe you.
Could you back up your car a bit?
|The government had to bail out the airline.
He bailed his friend out of a difficult situation.
|rescatar, sacar de apuros
|The book is about a young girl’s journey to adulthood.
What’s this movie about?
|tratar de, estar por
|He got beaten up by some thugs on his way home.
The old car looks pretty beat up.
|Don’t bite off more than you can chew.
He bit off a big piece of meat.
|morder un pedazo
|The wind blew away my hat.
The performance blew me away.
|soplar lejos, impresionar gratamente
|He blew out all the candles in one breath.
The wind blew out our campfire.
|The scandal will blow over in a few weeks.
Let’s wait for the anger to blow over before we talk again.
|The terrorists tried to blow up the railway station.
Could you blow up this photo for me? I need a larger print.
|They tried to break away from the group.
The horse broke away from its rider.
|The car broke down on the way to the beach.
Let’s break down the problem and solve it step by step.
|descomponerse, romperse, desglosar
|Burglars broke in while we were on vacation.
He broke in our conversation without any warning.
|forzar la entrada, interrumpir
|War broke out after the assassination of the diplomat.
Two prisoners broke out of jail last night.
|They finally broke through the barricade.
He needs to break through his shyness.
|abrirse paso, superar obstáculos
|They decided to break up after five years of dating.
I could hardly hear him on the phone; his voice kept breaking up.
|The new president hopes to bring about a change in the country’s foreign policy.
His betrayal brought about a bitter feud between the two families.
|We need to bring in more customers.
The new policy brought in positive changes.
|She brought up an important point during the meeting.
He was brought up by his grandmother after his parents died.
|He brushed off my comments.
She brushed him off and walked away.
|ignorar, quitar el polvo
|I need to brush up on my French before going to Paris.
She decided to brush up her resume before applying for the job.
|The candle finally burned out after burning all night.
She was totally burned out after the intense exam period.
|The car burned up in the fire.
The angry words burned her up.
|You need to call in advance.
They decided to call in sick.
|llamar (por teléfono), pedir asesoramiento
|The game was called off due to rain.
They had to call off the search when darkness fell.
|She called out his name from across the room.
The coach called out the play.
|I’ll call up the restaurant and make a reservation.
He was called up for military service.
|Calm down, everything will be okay.
He had to calm down before he could speak.
|Despite the difficulties, we decided to carry on.
Carry on with your work, don’t let me interrupt you.
|He’s slow to catch on to new trends.
The new fashion quickly caught on among teenagers.
|darse cuenta, hacerse popular
|We need to catch up soon, it’s been too long!
I need to catch up on my homework this weekend.
|ponerse al día, alcanzar
|We need to check in before 8 pm.
I’ll check in with you tomorrow to see how you’re doing.
|registrarse, llamar para confirmar
|We need to check out of the hotel before midday.
You should check out that new movie, it’s great!
|Cheer up, things will get better soon!
She bought me a gift to cheer me up.
|After a long day at work, I just want to chill out.
You’re overreacting, you need to chill out.
|Everyone chipped in to buy a gift for the boss.
I don’t have enough money for the bill. Can you chip in?
|The paint chipped off the wall.
He chipped off a piece of wood.
|desprenderse, quitar un trozo
|Can you help me clean up after the party?
The oil spill took months to clean up.
|I’m planning to clear out the garage this weekend.
Everyone clear out of the room, we need to clean.
|The sky cleared up after the storm.
Can you clear up this misunderstanding?
|aclararse, resolver, limpiar
|The factory had to close down due to new regulations.
The police closed down the illegal gambling operation.
|How did such a misunderstanding come about?
The opportunity came about unexpectedly.
|I came across my old diary while cleaning the attic.
He comes across as a bit arrogant at times.
|encontrar, toparse con
|Are you coming along to the party?
How is your project coming along?
|The rain started to come down heavily.
The decision will come down to what the committee thinks.
|Please come in and have a seat.
They were late to come in the party.
|A good job opportunity has come up for me.
Please come up to my office when you arrive.
|You should let the engine cool down before checking the oil.
She needs some time to cool down before we talk.
|How do you cope with stress?
She’s coping well with the changes.
|lidiar con, manejar
|You can always count on me for support.
We’re counting on this deal to go through.
|contar con, depender de
|Cross off the items on the list.
She crossed him off her friend list.
|Cross out the wrong answers.
Her name was crossed out from the list.
|We need to cut back on spending.
They cut back the trees to let more light in.
|The phone was cut off in the middle of our conversation.
They had to cut off the water supply to fix the pipes.
|She dealt out the cards for a game of poker.
Life has dealt out a fair share of challenges to him.
|I don’t want to deal with this problem right now.
How do you deal with difficult customers?
|tratar con, lidiar con
|The noise finally died down after midnight.
We waited for the storm to die down before we went outside.
|The fire slowly died out.
His hopes died out after the rejection.
|She did in her opponent.
I’m feeling completely done in.
|acabar con, agotar
|He did up his shoelaces.
They plan to do up the old house and sell it.
|The bus drew in and stopped.
The painting drew her in.
|The lawyer will draw up the contract.
They drew up a list of all the items needed.
|It’s a casual event, so you can dress down.
The boss dressed him down for his poor performance.
|vestirse informalmente, reprender
|We need to dress up for the formal event.
The children love to dress up for Halloween.
|vestirse elegantemente, disfrazarse
|Drop by anytime you are in the neighborhood.
I’ll drop by your office in the afternoon.
|visitar, pasar por
|Can you drop me off at the airport?
I need to drop off these packages at the post office.
|He dropped out of school at 16 to start working.
Several players dropped out of the tournament due to injuries.
|The lake will dry up if we don’t get any rain soon.
The conversation dried up after their argument.
|Let’s eat in tonight.
They prefer to eat in rather than out.
|cenar en casa, comer dentro
|We usually eat out on Fridays.
Let’s eat out tonight, I don’t feel like cooking.
|Eat up, we have a long day ahead.
The picnic food was quickly eaten up.
|If you don’t study, you might end up failing the course.
They ended up at a charming little cafe.
|face up to
|You need to face up to your responsibilities.
He couldn’t face up to the truth.
|The music slowly faded out at the end of the scene.
The actor’s fame has faded out over the years.
|The plan fell apart at the last minute.
The old book fell apart when I tried to read it.
|When in doubt, fall back on your training.
The team fell back to defend.
|She fell for his charms.
I can’t believe you fell for that trick.
|enamorarse de, caer en la trampa
|They fell out over money issues.
He had a fall out with his brother and they haven’t spoken since.
|Our plans for the trip fell through.
The deal fell through at the last minute.
|fracasar, no ocurrir
|I need to figure out how to fix this problem.
It took me a while to figure out the puzzle.
|Could you fill in this form, please?
She filled me in on the latest gossip.
|Please fill out this application form.
It took me an hour to fill out the paperwork.
|Can you fill up my glass, please?
The gas tank is filled up.
|I need to find out what time the train leaves.
She found out that he had been lying to her.
|I’m struggling to get my point across.
We need to get across the river before dark.
|I get along well with my colleagues.
Do your children get along?
|I need to get back home before it gets dark.
She finally got her book back.
|I can get by with my Spanish when I travel.
How do you get by on such a small salary?
|We need to get off at the next stop.
She got off the bus just in time.
|Could you help me get on the horse?
How are you getting on in your new job?
|It took him a while to get over the breakup.
She finally got over her cold.
|He gave away most of his fortune to charity.
Don’t give away the end of the movie!
|He gave back the keys.
We should give back to our community.
|She gave in to temptation and ate the cake.
After hours of debate, he finally gave in.
|give in to
|She gave in to their demands.
Don’t give in to peer pressure.
|ceder ante, sucumbir a
|The flowers give off a pleasant aroma.
The machine gives off smoke.
|I won’t give up, I’ll keep trying.
She gave up smoking a year ago.
|Go ahead, I’m listening.
You can go ahead and start without me.
|We need to go back, I forgot my wallet.
She went back to her home town after the divorce.
|The alarm went off at 6 AM.
The milk has gone off.
|sonar, estropearse (alimento)
|The show must go on.
What’s going on here?
|Let’s go over our plans one more time.
She went over the report to make sure there were no errors.
|I grew up in a small town.
It’s time to grow up and take responsibility.
|The teacher handed out the worksheets.
They are handing out free samples.
|Hand over your homework at the end of class.
The criminal was forced to hand over his weapon.
|We used to hang around after school.
Don’t hang around here, it’s not safe.
|pasar el tiempo
|We used to hang out at the park after school.
Do you want to hang out this weekend?
|pasar el tiempo, quedar
|I didn’t mean to hang up on you, my phone died.
She hung up before I could say anything.
|She held back tears as she said goodbye.
Don’t hold back, tell me what you really think.
|Hold on, I’m almost there.
Hold on to the railing while going down the stairs.
|We need to iron out the details of the plan.
They managed to iron out their differences.
|Sorry to jump in, but I have a comment.
The pool is warm, jump in!
|interrumpir, entrar rápidamente
|The cat jumped out from behind the sofa.
The bright red color jumps out against the white background.
|Keep away from the fire, it’s dangerous.
The sign said, «Keep away from the edge».
|Keep on working, you’re doing great.
He kept on talking despite our attempts to interrupt.
|I can’t keep up with all these changes.
She walks so fast, it’s hard to keep up.
|mantener el ritmo
|The meeting will kick off at 10 am.
The game kicks off in one hour.
|The old building was knocked down to make way for a park.
She was knocked down by a speeding car.
|The boxer managed to knock out his opponent in the first round.
I was knocked out after the long hike.
|They had to lay off a lot of workers due to budget cuts.
Lay off me, I’m trying to work.
|despedir, dejar en paz
|I won’t let you down.
He felt let down by his friends.
|let go of
|She finally let go of her past.
You need to let go of your anger.
|soltar, dejar ir
|Her smile lights up the room.
Smoking is bad for your health, don’t light up.
|iluminar, encender un cigarrillo
|Log in to your account to check your messages.
I can’t log in, I forgot my password.
|Remember to log out when you finish your work.
He logged out of his email account.
|Can you look after my dog while I’m away?
She looks after her younger brother.
|When I look back, I feel I could have done things differently.
Looking back, I see how much I’ve grown.
|I’m looking for my glasses, have you seen them?
She’s looking for a job.
|look forward to
|I’m looking forward to the weekend.
We look forward to your visit.
|esperar con ansias
|We will look into the matter and inform you about our findings.
The police are looking into the incident.
|look out for
|Look out for pedestrians while driving.
They always look out for each other.
|cuidarse de, estar atento a
|You can look up the word in the dictionary.
I looked up the address on the internet.
|She made over her old clothes into something fashionable.
The house needs a complete makeover.
|He made up an excuse for being late.
She takes too much time to make up in the morning.
|I always mix up the twins’ names.
She mixed up the ingredients for the cake.
|They are planning to move in next week.
When are your new roommates moving in?
|It’s time to move on from this issue.
Let’s move on to the next topic.
|seguir adelante, pasar a
|She decided to move out and live on her own.
The tenants were asked to move out immediately.
|His grandfather passed away last night.
The famous author passed away at the age of 89.
|He passed out from exhaustion.
Please pass out these papers to everyone in the room.
|Can you pick up some groceries on your way home?
She picked up a few German phrases while staying in Berlin.
|He tried to play down his mistakes.
The government played down the impact of the crisis.
|It was a difficult task, but she pulled it off.
He pulled off a great performance despite being unwell.
|The police officer signaled for him to pull over.
I had to pull over to check the map.
|detener el coche
|Put away your toys before dinner.
He put away his savings for retirement.
|guardar, guardar (en su lugar), recoger
|We had to put off the meeting until next week.
Don’t be put off by the negative reviews, the book is really good.
|She put on her coat and left.
They are putting on a show next week.
|put up with
|I don’t know how she puts up with his behavior.
I can’t put up with the noise anymore.
|That shop rips off tourists with high prices.
He accidentally ripped off the poster while cleaning.
|The company is rolling out a new product line.
They rolled out the red carpet for the celebrity.
|The shepherd rounded up the sheep before nightfall.
Can you round up the team for a meeting?
|The thief ran away when he saw the police.
The circus lion ran away from its cage.
|Can I run a few ideas by you?
I’ll run the plan by the team tomorrow.
|I ran into an old friend at the supermarket.
We ran into some problems with the project.
|encontrarse con, tropezar con
|We’ve run out of milk.
Time is running out, we need to make a decision.
|The car ran over a pothole.
Can you run over the main points?
|I set aside some money for emergencies.
We should set aside our differences and work together.
|They set off on their trip early in the morning.
The fire alarm was set off by the smoke.
|empezar un viaje, provocar
|They set out on a journey around the world.
She set out her plans for the day.
|We set up a tent for the night.
They are setting up a new company.
|She didn’t show up for the meeting.
A strange cat showed up at our door.
|Everyone slips up sometimes, don’t worry about it.
We can’t afford to slip up on this project.
|I will stand by you no matter what.
The medical team is standing by for any emergencies.
|apoyar, permanecer listo
|Her red dress made her stand out in the crowd.
This painting stands out in the gallery.
|The teacher had to step in and stop the fight.
The government needs to step in and help those in need.
|We need to step up our efforts if we want to finish on time.
She stepped up to take on the leadership role.
|I tried to take in all the information.
They decided to take in a foster child.
|The plane will take off in 20 minutes.
He took off his hat as he entered the room.
|The new manager will take over next month.
He took over the family business.
|tomar el control de, hacerse cargo de
|She decided to take up yoga.
This couch takes up too much space.
|empezar a practicar, ocupar
|She tore up the letter and threw it away.
I accidentally tore up the concert tickets.
|romper en pedazos
|I need to think over your proposal before making a decision.
She thought over the job offer for several days.
|Don’t throw away this receipt, we might need it.
I had to throw away the spoiled milk.
|Try on this dress, it looks good on you.
He tried on several pairs of shoes before deciding on one.
|The doorman turned away the uninvited guest.
She turned away from the mirror.
|rechazar, apartar la vista
|She turned down the job offer.
Could you turn down the music? I’m trying to study.
|Please turn off the lights when you leave.
This button is used to turn off the machine.
|Can you turn on the radio?
I turned on the computer to start working.
|He didn’t turn up for his appointment.
Can you turn up the volume? I can’t hear the TV.
|We’ve used up all the milk.
The car uses up a lot of fuel.
|She’s waiting on her exam results.
The waiter is trained to wait on customers efficiently.
|I wake up at 7 am every day.
The noise woke me up.
|wake up to
|She woke up to the sound of birds singing.
He finally woke up to the truth.
|despertar(se) ante, darse cuenta de
|He just walked away without saying a word.
She could simply walk away from the deal.
|Wash up before dinner.
Who’s going to wash up the dishes?
|lavarse, lavar los platos
|Watch out for pickpockets in the area.
You should watch out, the floor is slippery.
|The virus could wipe out the entire population.
He was so tired, he wiped out as soon as he got home.
|I work out at the gym three times a week.
I hope everything works out for you.
|hacer ejercicio, resolver
|She worked up the courage to ask for a raise.
He needs to work up an appetite.
|generar, desarrollar (sentimientos, apetito, etc.)
|Let’s wrap up the meeting, we’re running out of time.
She wrapped up the gift in colorful paper.
|Write down the recipe so you don’t forget it.
He wrote down the address on a piece of paper.
|The car was a write off after the accident.
They had to write off their investment.
|dar por perdido
|I zoned out during the meeting and missed the important points.
She tends to zone out when she’s tired.
|desconectar, perder la concentración
Espero que esta lista de 200 phrasal verbs con ejemplos en inglés y español te haya resultado útil y te haya ayudado a mejorar tu comprensión en este tema. Recuerda que practicar con frecuencia es la clave para dominar estas estructuras verbales. Si tienes alguna duda, no dudes en dejarnos un comentario y con gusto te ayudaremos a resolverla. ¡Sigue aprendiendo y mejorando tu inglés!