200 Phrasal verbs con ejemplos en inglés y español

Los phrasal verbs son un aspecto fundamental del inglés, pero pueden resultar bastante difícil de comprender a veces. Si alguna vez has intentado aprenderlos, sabrás que dominarlos no es nada fácil, pero no desesperes, es cuestión de práctica y constancia. En este artículo encontrarás una lista de 200 phrasal verbs con ejemplos en inglés y español para que puedas mejorar tu comprensión y uso de estas estructuras verbales. Además, en esta misma web tienes muchos consejos útiles sobre phrasal verbs y un diccionario de phrasal verbs para que puedas seguir profundizando en el tema. ¡Vamos allá!

act outThe children will act out a scene from a play.
He has been acting out in school lately.
representar, comportarse mal
act upMy computer is acting up again.
The children always act up when they haven’t had enough sleep.
comportarse mal, funcionar mal
add inYou can add in more vegetables.
Add in the sugar slowly.
agregar, añadir
add upCould you please add up these numbers for me?
Her explanation just doesn’t add up.
sumar, tener sentido
agree onThey finally agreed on a date for the wedding.
The two sides could not agree on the terms of the contract.
acordar, convenir
aim atThe company’s new product is aimed at teenagers.
He aimed his criticisms at the policies, not the politicians.
apuntar, dirigir a
ask forShe asked for a glass of water.
I didn’t ask for your opinion on the matter.
pedir, solicitar
back offYou’re too close to the edge! Back off!
She decided to back off and give him some space.
retroceder, alejarse, desistir
back upI’ll back you up if they don’t believe you.
Could you back up your car a bit?
apoyar, respaldar
bail outThe government had to bail out the airline.
He bailed his friend out of a difficult situation.
rescatar, sacar de apuros
be aboutThe book is about a young girl’s journey to adulthood.
What’s this movie about?
tratar de, estar por
beat upHe got beaten up by some thugs on his way home.
The old car looks pretty beat up.
golpear fuertemente
bite offDon’t bite off more than you can chew.
He bit off a big piece of meat.
morder un pedazo
blow awayThe wind blew away my hat.
The performance blew me away.
soplar lejos, impresionar gratamente
blow outHe blew out all the candles in one breath.
The wind blew out our campfire.
soplar, apagar
blow overThe scandal will blow over in a few weeks.
Let’s wait for the anger to blow over before we talk again.
blow upThe terrorists tried to blow up the railway station.
Could you blow up this photo for me? I need a larger print.
explotar, ampliar
break awayThey tried to break away from the group.
The horse broke away from its rider.
escapar, separarse
break downThe car broke down on the way to the beach.
Let’s break down the problem and solve it step by step.
descomponerse, romperse, desglosar
break inBurglars broke in while we were on vacation.
He broke in our conversation without any warning.
forzar la entrada, interrumpir
break outWar broke out after the assassination of the diplomat.
Two prisoners broke out of jail last night.
estallar, escapar
break throughThey finally broke through the barricade.
He needs to break through his shyness.
abrirse paso, superar obstáculos
break upThey decided to break up after five years of dating.
I could hardly hear him on the phone; his voice kept breaking up.
terminar, romper
bring aboutThe new president hopes to bring about a change in the country’s foreign policy.
His betrayal brought about a bitter feud between the two families.
provocar, causar
bring inWe need to bring in more customers.
The new policy brought in positive changes.
traer, introducir
bring upShe brought up an important point during the meeting.
He was brought up by his grandmother after his parents died.
mencionar, criar
brush offHe brushed off my comments.
She brushed him off and walked away.
ignorar, quitar el polvo
brush upI need to brush up on my French before going to Paris.
She decided to brush up her resume before applying for the job.
repasar, mejorar
burn outThe candle finally burned out after burning all night.
She was totally burned out after the intense exam period.
quemarse, agotarse
burn upThe car burned up in the fire.
The angry words burned her up.
quemar completamente
call inYou need to call in advance.
They decided to call in sick.
llamar (por teléfono), pedir asesoramiento
call offThe game was called off due to rain.
They had to call off the search when darkness fell.
cancelar, suspender
call outShe called out his name from across the room.
The coach called out the play.
llamar, gritar
call upI’ll call up the restaurant and make a reservation.
He was called up for military service.
llamar, convocar
calm downCalm down, everything will be okay.
He had to calm down before he could speak.
calmar, tranquilizarse
carry onDespite the difficulties, we decided to carry on.
Carry on with your work, don’t let me interrupt you.
continuar, seguir
catch onHe’s slow to catch on to new trends.
The new fashion quickly caught on among teenagers.
darse cuenta, hacerse popular
catch upWe need to catch up soon, it’s been too long!
I need to catch up on my homework this weekend.
ponerse al día, alcanzar
check inWe need to check in before 8 pm.
I’ll check in with you tomorrow to see how you’re doing.
registrarse, llamar para confirmar
check outWe need to check out of the hotel before midday.
You should check out that new movie, it’s great!
salir, revisar
cheer upCheer up, things will get better soon!
She bought me a gift to cheer me up.
animar, alegrar
chill outAfter a long day at work, I just want to chill out.
You’re overreacting, you need to chill out.
relajarse, calmarse
chip inEveryone chipped in to buy a gift for the boss.
I don’t have enough money for the bill. Can you chip in?
contribuir, cooperar
chip offThe paint chipped off the wall.
He chipped off a piece of wood.
desprenderse, quitar un trozo
clean upCan you help me clean up after the party?
The oil spill took months to clean up.
limpiar, ordenar
clear outI’m planning to clear out the garage this weekend.
Everyone clear out of the room, we need to clean.
limpiar, vaciar
clear upThe sky cleared up after the storm.
Can you clear up this misunderstanding?
aclararse, resolver, limpiar
close downThe factory had to close down due to new regulations.
The police closed down the illegal gambling operation.
cerrar, clasurar
come aboutHow did such a misunderstanding come about?
The opportunity came about unexpectedly.
ocurrir, surgir
come acrossI came across my old diary while cleaning the attic.
He comes across as a bit arrogant at times.
encontrar, toparse con
come alongAre you coming along to the party?
How is your project coming along?
acompañar, avanzar
come downThe rain started to come down heavily.
The decision will come down to what the committee thinks.
bajar, caer
come inPlease come in and have a seat.
They were late to come in the party.
come upA good job opportunity has come up for me.
Please come up to my office when you arrive.
subir, surgir
cool downYou should let the engine cool down before checking the oil.
She needs some time to cool down before we talk.
enfriarse, calmar
cope withHow do you cope with stress?
She’s coping well with the changes.
lidiar con, manejar
count onYou can always count on me for support.
We’re counting on this deal to go through.
contar con, depender de
cross offCross off the items on the list.
She crossed him off her friend list.
cross outCross out the wrong answers.
Her name was crossed out from the list.
tachar, cruzar
cut backWe need to cut back on spending.
They cut back the trees to let more light in.
reducir, recortar
cut offThe phone was cut off in the middle of our conversation.
They had to cut off the water supply to fix the pipes.
cortar, interrumpir
deal outShe dealt out the cards for a game of poker.
Life has dealt out a fair share of challenges to him.
deal withI don’t want to deal with this problem right now.
How do you deal with difficult customers?
tratar con, lidiar con
die downThe noise finally died down after midnight.
We waited for the storm to die down before we went outside.
disminuir, calmarse
die outThe fire slowly died out.
His hopes died out after the rejection.
extinguirse, desvanecerse
do inShe did in her opponent.
I’m feeling completely done in.
acabar con, agotar
do upHe did up his shoelaces.
They plan to do up the old house and sell it.
abrochar, decorar
draw inThe bus drew in and stopped.
The painting drew her in.
acercarse, atraer
draw upThe lawyer will draw up the contract.
They drew up a list of all the items needed.
elaborar, redactar
dress downIt’s a casual event, so you can dress down.
The boss dressed him down for his poor performance.
vestirse informalmente, reprender
dress upWe need to dress up for the formal event.
The children love to dress up for Halloween.
vestirse elegantemente, disfrazarse
drop byDrop by anytime you are in the neighborhood.
I’ll drop by your office in the afternoon.
visitar, pasar por
drop offCan you drop me off at the airport?
I need to drop off these packages at the post office.
dejar, llevar
drop outHe dropped out of school at 16 to start working.
Several players dropped out of the tournament due to injuries.
abandonar, desertar
dry upThe lake will dry up if we don’t get any rain soon.
The conversation dried up after their argument.
secarse, acabarse
eat inLet’s eat in tonight.
They prefer to eat in rather than out.
cenar en casa, comer dentro
eat outWe usually eat out on Fridays.
Let’s eat out tonight, I don’t feel like cooking.
comer fuera
eat upEat up, we have a long day ahead.
The picnic food was quickly eaten up.
comer todo
end upIf you don’t study, you might end up failing the course.
They ended up at a charming little cafe.
acabar, terminar
face up toYou need to face up to your responsibilities.
He couldn’t face up to the truth.
enfrentar, aceptar
fade outThe music slowly faded out at the end of the scene.
The actor’s fame has faded out over the years.
desvanecerse, desaparecer
fall apartThe plan fell apart at the last minute.
The old book fell apart when I tried to read it.
desmoronarse, desintegrarse
fall backWhen in doubt, fall back on your training.
The team fell back to defend.
retroceder, replegarse
fall forShe fell for his charms.
I can’t believe you fell for that trick.
enamorarse de, caer en la trampa
fall outThey fell out over money issues.
He had a fall out with his brother and they haven’t spoken since.
discutir, pelear
fall throughOur plans for the trip fell through.
The deal fell through at the last minute.
fracasar, no ocurrir
figure outI need to figure out how to fix this problem.
It took me a while to figure out the puzzle.
resolver, comprender
fill inCould you fill in this form, please?
She filled me in on the latest gossip.
completar, informar
fill outPlease fill out this application form.
It took me an hour to fill out the paperwork.
completar, rellenar
fill upCan you fill up my glass, please?
The gas tank is filled up.
llenar, abastecer
find outI need to find out what time the train leaves.
She found out that he had been lying to her.
descubrir, averiguar
get acrossI’m struggling to get my point across.
We need to get across the river before dark.
transmitir, cruzar
get alongI get along well with my colleagues.
Do your children get along?
llevarse bien
get backI need to get back home before it gets dark.
She finally got her book back.
regresar, recuperar
get byI can get by with my Spanish when I travel.
How do you get by on such a small salary?
get offWe need to get off at the next stop.
She got off the bus just in time.
bajar, desembarcar
get onCould you help me get on the horse?
How are you getting on in your new job?
subir, progresar
get overIt took him a while to get over the breakup.
She finally got over her cold.
superar, recuperarse
give awayHe gave away most of his fortune to charity.
Don’t give away the end of the movie!
regalar, revelar
give backHe gave back the keys.
We should give back to our community.
devolver, retribuir
give inShe gave in to temptation and ate the cake.
After hours of debate, he finally gave in.
rendirse, ceder
give in toShe gave in to their demands.
Don’t give in to peer pressure.
ceder ante, sucumbir a
give offThe flowers give off a pleasant aroma.
The machine gives off smoke.
emitir, desprender
give upI won’t give up, I’ll keep trying.
She gave up smoking a year ago.
rendirse, dejar
go aheadGo ahead, I’m listening.
You can go ahead and start without me.
continuar, proceder
go backWe need to go back, I forgot my wallet.
She went back to her home town after the divorce.
regresar, volver
go offThe alarm went off at 6 AM.
The milk has gone off.
sonar, estropearse (alimento)
go onThe show must go on.
What’s going on here?
continuar, ocurrir
go overLet’s go over our plans one more time.
She went over the report to make sure there were no errors.
repasar, revisar
grow upI grew up in a small town.
It’s time to grow up and take responsibility.
crecer, madurar
hand outThe teacher handed out the worksheets.
They are handing out free samples.
repartir, distribuir
hand overHand over your homework at the end of class.
The criminal was forced to hand over his weapon.
hang aroundWe used to hang around after school.
Don’t hang around here, it’s not safe.
pasar el tiempo
hang outWe used to hang out at the park after school.
Do you want to hang out this weekend?
pasar el tiempo, quedar
hang upI didn’t mean to hang up on you, my phone died.
She hung up before I could say anything.
hold backShe held back tears as she said goodbye.
Don’t hold back, tell me what you really think.
contener, retener
hold onHold on, I’m almost there.
Hold on to the railing while going down the stairs.
esperar, agarrar
iron outWe need to iron out the details of the plan.
They managed to iron out their differences.
jump inSorry to jump in, but I have a comment.
The pool is warm, jump in!
interrumpir, entrar rápidamente
jump outThe cat jumped out from behind the sofa.
The bright red color jumps out against the white background.
saltar, sorprender
keep awayKeep away from the fire, it’s dangerous.
The sign said, «Keep away from the edge».
mantener alejado
keep onKeep on working, you’re doing great.
He kept on talking despite our attempts to interrupt.
continuar, seguir
keep upI can’t keep up with all these changes.
She walks so fast, it’s hard to keep up.
mantener el ritmo
kick offThe meeting will kick off at 10 am.
The game kicks off in one hour.
empezar, iniciar
knock downThe old building was knocked down to make way for a park.
She was knocked down by a speeding car.
derribar, desmantelar
knock outThe boxer managed to knock out his opponent in the first round.
I was knocked out after the long hike.
noquear, agotar
lay offThey had to lay off a lot of workers due to budget cuts.
Lay off me, I’m trying to work.
despedir, dejar en paz
let downI won’t let you down.
He felt let down by his friends.
decepcionar, defraudar
let go ofShe finally let go of her past.
You need to let go of your anger.
soltar, dejar ir
light upHer smile lights up the room.
Smoking is bad for your health, don’t light up.
iluminar, encender un cigarrillo
log inLog in to your account to check your messages.
I can’t log in, I forgot my password.
iniciar sesión
log outRemember to log out when you finish your work.
He logged out of his email account.
cerrar sesión
look afterCan you look after my dog while I’m away?
She looks after her younger brother.
cuidar, atender
look backWhen I look back, I feel I could have done things differently.
Looking back, I see how much I’ve grown.
recordar, repasar
look forI’m looking for my glasses, have you seen them?
She’s looking for a job.
look forward toI’m looking forward to the weekend.
We look forward to your visit.
esperar con ansias
look intoWe will look into the matter and inform you about our findings.
The police are looking into the incident.
look out forLook out for pedestrians while driving.
They always look out for each other.
cuidarse de, estar atento a
look upYou can look up the word in the dictionary.
I looked up the address on the internet.
buscar, consultar
make overShe made over her old clothes into something fashionable.
The house needs a complete makeover.
renovar, transformar
make upHe made up an excuse for being late.
She takes too much time to make up in the morning.
inventar, maquillarse
mix upI always mix up the twins’ names.
She mixed up the ingredients for the cake.
confundir, mezclar
move inThey are planning to move in next week.
When are your new roommates moving in?
move onIt’s time to move on from this issue.
Let’s move on to the next topic.
seguir adelante, pasar a
move outShe decided to move out and live on her own.
The tenants were asked to move out immediately.
mudarse, desalojar
pass awayHis grandfather passed away last night.
The famous author passed away at the age of 89.
pass outHe passed out from exhaustion.
Please pass out these papers to everyone in the room.
desmayarse, distribuir
pick upCan you pick up some groceries on your way home?
She picked up a few German phrases while staying in Berlin.
recoger, aprender
play downHe tried to play down his mistakes.
The government played down the impact of the crisis.
restar importancia
pull offIt was a difficult task, but she pulled it off.
He pulled off a great performance despite being unwell.
lograr, conseguir
pull overThe police officer signaled for him to pull over.
I had to pull over to check the map.
detener el coche
put awayPut away your toys before dinner.
He put away his savings for retirement.
guardar, guardar (en su lugar), recoger
put offWe had to put off the meeting until next week.
Don’t be put off by the negative reviews, the book is really good.
posponer, desalentar
put onShe put on her coat and left.
They are putting on a show next week.
ponerse, colocar
put up withI don’t know how she puts up with his behavior.
I can’t put up with the noise anymore.
tolerar, soportar
rip offThat shop rips off tourists with high prices.
He accidentally ripped off the poster while cleaning.
estafar, arrancar
roll outThe company is rolling out a new product line.
They rolled out the red carpet for the celebrity.
desplegar, lanzar
round upThe shepherd rounded up the sheep before nightfall.
Can you round up the team for a meeting?
redondear, reunir
run awayThe thief ran away when he saw the police.
The circus lion ran away from its cage.
escapar, huir
run byCan I run a few ideas by you?
I’ll run the plan by the team tomorrow.
consultar, informar
run intoI ran into an old friend at the supermarket.
We ran into some problems with the project.
encontrarse con, tropezar con
run outWe’ve run out of milk.
Time is running out, we need to make a decision.
agotarse, acabarse
run overThe car ran over a pothole.
Can you run over the main points?
atropellar, repasar
set asideI set aside some money for emergencies.
We should set aside our differences and work together.
apartar, reservar
set offThey set off on their trip early in the morning.
The fire alarm was set off by the smoke.
empezar un viaje, provocar
set outThey set out on a journey around the world.
She set out her plans for the day.
comenzar, emprender
set upWe set up a tent for the night.
They are setting up a new company.
instalar, organizar
show upShe didn’t show up for the meeting.
A strange cat showed up at our door.
aparecer, asistir
slip upEveryone slips up sometimes, don’t worry about it.
We can’t afford to slip up on this project.
stand byI will stand by you no matter what.
The medical team is standing by for any emergencies.
apoyar, permanecer listo
stand outHer red dress made her stand out in the crowd.
This painting stands out in the gallery.
destacar, resaltar
step inThe teacher had to step in and stop the fight.
The government needs to step in and help those in need.
step upWe need to step up our efforts if we want to finish on time.
She stepped up to take on the leadership role.
aumentar, elevar
take inI tried to take in all the information.
They decided to take in a foster child.
absorber, aceptar
take offThe plane will take off in 20 minutes.
He took off his hat as he entered the room.
despegar, quitarse
take overThe new manager will take over next month.
He took over the family business.
tomar el control de, hacerse cargo de
take upShe decided to take up yoga.
This couch takes up too much space.
empezar a practicar, ocupar
tear upShe tore up the letter and threw it away.
I accidentally tore up the concert tickets.
romper en pedazos
think overI need to think over your proposal before making a decision.
She thought over the job offer for several days.
considerar, reflexionar
throw awayDon’t throw away this receipt, we might need it.
I had to throw away the spoiled milk.
tirar, descartar
try onTry on this dress, it looks good on you.
He tried on several pairs of shoes before deciding on one.
turn awayThe doorman turned away the uninvited guest.
She turned away from the mirror.
rechazar, apartar la vista
turn downShe turned down the job offer.
Could you turn down the music? I’m trying to study.
rechazar, bajar
turn offPlease turn off the lights when you leave.
This button is used to turn off the machine.
apagar, desactivar
turn onCan you turn on the radio?
I turned on the computer to start working.
encender, activar
turn upHe didn’t turn up for his appointment.
Can you turn up the volume? I can’t hear the TV.
aparecer, subir
use upWe’ve used up all the milk.
The car uses up a lot of fuel.
usar completamente
wait onShe’s waiting on her exam results.
The waiter is trained to wait on customers efficiently.
servir, esperar
wake upI wake up at 7 am every day.
The noise woke me up.
despertar, despertarse
wake up toShe woke up to the sound of birds singing.
He finally woke up to the truth.
despertar(se) ante, darse cuenta de
walk awayHe just walked away without saying a word.
She could simply walk away from the deal.
alejarse, irse
wash upWash up before dinner.
Who’s going to wash up the dishes?
lavarse, lavar los platos
watch outWatch out for pickpockets in the area.
You should watch out, the floor is slippery.
tener cuidado
wipe outThe virus could wipe out the entire population.
He was so tired, he wiped out as soon as he got home.
eliminar, extinguir
work outI work out at the gym three times a week.
I hope everything works out for you.
hacer ejercicio, resolver
work upShe worked up the courage to ask for a raise.
He needs to work up an appetite.
generar, desarrollar (sentimientos, apetito, etc.)
wrap upLet’s wrap up the meeting, we’re running out of time.
She wrapped up the gift in colorful paper.
envolver, concluir
write downWrite down the recipe so you don’t forget it.
He wrote down the address on a piece of paper.
escribir, anotar
write offThe car was a write off after the accident.
They had to write off their investment.
dar por perdido
zone outI zoned out during the meeting and missed the important points.
She tends to zone out when she’s tired.
desconectar, perder la concentración

Espero que esta lista de 200 phrasal verbs con ejemplos en inglés y español te haya resultado útil y te haya ayudado a mejorar tu comprensión en este tema. Recuerda que practicar con frecuencia es la clave para dominar estas estructuras verbales. Si tienes alguna duda, no dudes en dejarnos un comentario y con gusto te ayudaremos a resolverla. ¡Sigue aprendiendo y mejorando tu inglés!

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